Pros and Cons of Robotic Total Knee Replacement Surgery

In the past years, the robotic surgeries have gained enormous popularity. Robotic based knee replacement surgeries are coming up as one of the biggest developments in the field of orthopaedic surgeries.

However, it is important to note that any such development does not replace the need and presence of an orthopaedic surgeon. The robotic surgery is done by robotic arms which do not actually performing the surgery independently, rather work on an assistance basis. The robotic system can only work on the data fed into it to work by an experienced staff processing the machine.

Needless to mention, not all knee replacement surgeries may qualify for a robotic surgery.

Let us see some of the crucial Pros and Cons of a Robotic Total Knee Replacement Surgery:

Pros of Robotic Total Knee Replacement Surgery

  • The most significant benefit of using a robotic arm is that it provides greater accuracy than before. This is crucial when making bone cuts. This significantly lowers the risk of post-surgical complications and the need for a re-procedure.
  • The risk of blood loss is reduced as the programmed robot can only perform the procedure within the area mapped out by the plan designed by the surgeon.
  • From a patient’s perspective, this allows a faster recovery and lesser pain when the data is accurate. It also ensures improved safety and a reduction in post-operative complications.

Cons of Robotic Total Knee Replacement Surgery

  • Even though the advantages might seem desirable for patients, one needs to consider that the Robotic total knee replacement surgery is a relatively new technology. This implies that there are still long-term studies and practices needed for it to be considered as a confident choice comparatively. This not only includes research but also advance equipment’s and training.
  • The Robotic Total Knee Replacement surgery procedure also is known to take takes slightly longer time to perform than a conservative surgery.
  • An important aspect to understand the robotic arms is the data on which it works. The robotic arms are as good as the data it is fed. This includes the scans, the cut sizes and time. The scans need to be of the highest quality and the resources needed to maintain the machine need to be up to mark and functioning all the time.
  • Also, though the robotic surgery might not always guarantee a less painful procedure. A little more tear because of unfed/misfed data can rather increase the pain. In a traditional surgery, a surgeon can decide on the site whether a cut needs to be deep or not as per circumstances.
  • The work of a Robot in the Total Knee Replacement surgery is mainly of cutting the knee bone accurately. The further procedure of removing the cut bones, fitting the implant and stitching the area can actually be performed by the surgeon faster accurately.
  • Coming to the cost factor, the cost of the procedure is also more than a traditional total joint replacement surgery. The cost of the machine, training of the staff, supporting resources, need of high-quality inputs and maintenance all add up to the cost.

It is up to the patients to decide whether they want to go for a Robotic or Traditional Total knee replacement surgery, though an experienced orthopedic surgeon is the best to advice on the type of surgery needed.