Pros and Cons of Robotic Total Knee Replacement Surgery
Pros and Cons of Robotic Total Knee Replacement Surgery

Pros and Cons of Robotic Total Knee Replacement Surgery

In the past years, the robotic surgeries have gained enormous popularity. Robot Assisted  Knee Replacement Surgeries are coming up as one of the biggest developments in the field of orthopaedic surgeries.

However, it is important to note that any such development does not replace the need and presence of an orthopaedic surgeon. The robotic surgery is done by robotic arms which do not actually performing the surgery independently, rather work on an assistance basis. The robotic system can only work on the data fed into it to work by an experienced staff processing the machine.

Needless to mention, not all knee replacement surgeries may qualify for a robotic surgery.

Let us see some of the crucial Pros and Cons of a Robotic Total Knee Replacement Surgery:

Pros of Robotic Total Knee Replacement Surgery

  • The most significant benefit of using a robotic arm is that it provides greater accuracy than before. This is crucial when making bone cuts. This significantly lowers the risk of post-surgical complications and the need for a re-procedure.
  • The risk of blood loss is reduced as the programmed robot can only perform the procedure within the area mapped out by the plan designed by the surgeon.
  • From a patient’s perspective, this allows a faster recovery and lesser pain when the data is accurate. It also ensures improved safety and a reduction in post-operative complications.

Cons of Robotic Total Knee Replacement Surgery

  • Even though the advantages might seem desirable for patients, one needs to consider that the Robotic total knee replacement surgery is a relatively new technology. This implies that there are still long-term studies and practices needed for it to be considered as a confident choice comparatively. This not only includes research but also advance equipment’s and training.
  • The Robotic Total Knee Replacement surgery procedure also is known to take takes slightly longer time to perform than a conservative surgery.
  • An important aspect to understand the robotic arms is the data on which it works. The robotic arms are as good as the data it is fed. This includes the scans, the cut sizes and time. The scans need to be of the highest quality and the resources needed to maintain the machine need to be up to mark and functioning all the time.
  • Also, though the robotic surgery might not always guarantee a less painful procedure. A little more tear because of unfed/misfed data can rather increase the pain. In a traditional surgery, a surgeon can decide on the site whether a cut needs to be deep or not as per circumstances.
  • The work of a Robot in the Total Knee Replacement surgery is mainly of cutting the knee bone accurately. The further procedure of removing the cut bones, fitting the implant and stitching the area can actually be performed by the surgeon faster accurately.
  • Coming to the cost factor, the cost of the procedure is also more than a traditional total joint replacement surgery. The cost of the machine, training of the staff, supporting resources, need of high-quality inputs and maintenance all add up to the cost.

It is up to the patients to decide whether they want to go for a Robotic or Traditional Total knee replacement surgery, though an experienced orthopedic surgeon is the best to advice on the type of surgery needed.

Thank You "Times Group" for felicitating Arora Clinic for "Excellence in Patient Care"

We are really honored to receive this and we will continue to serve the society better than ever We aim to provide the world-class Knee/Hip Replacement Surgical (Minimal Invasive Surgery) treatment to every patient suffering from knee or hip pain and at the same time make their life pain-free and happy.

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Dr. Bakul Arora’s Joint Replacement Clinic is also known as “Arora Clinic” which is located at Hiranandani Meadows in Thane, within a very convenient proximity to Mumbai. Arora Clinic dedicated clinic for Knee Replacement surgery and all kinds of Orthopaedic treatments and surgeries

The Arora Clinic is one of the most advanced Orthopaedic clinic in Thane region and dedicated to providing the best, personalised healthcare with a breadth of surgical and medical expertise. Arora Clinic offers the modern surgical treatments like “Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement Surgery” which is also called as “PAIN-LESS SURGERY” for any complex knee diseases.

About Surgeon

Dr. Bakul Arora is a Consultant Joint Replacement & Orthopaedic Surgeon is one of the leading Knee Replacement Surgeon in Thane and Mumbai with over 4000+ successfully surgeries. Dr. Bakul Arora specialises in Mini-invasive techniques which offer multiple benefits to patients. He does the surgery using Subvastus approach for Knee Replacement surgery and Direct Anterior Approach for Hip replacement Surgery . This new techniques has many advantages for patients like its pain-less , stich-less surgery, patients walks on the same day after surgery, no blood loss, faster recovery etc.

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    Before and After Knee Replacement Surgery


    Knee replacement is required for advanced arthritis of the knee joint, producing painful limitation of movements and restriction in activities of daily living. Knee replacement as a solution should be offered when all non–surgical methods of treatment failed and painkiller medicines and injections also failed to reduce the Knee and hip pains.

    Knee replacement can be total or unicondylar, depending on the number of compartments involved. Among the total knee replacement, there are two popular designs- Cruciate Retaining, and Posterior Stabilized. The decision for the design is best taken by the operating orthopedic surgeon based on the integrity of ligaments. Patella resurfacing as a routine is a debatable subject.

    Yes, most knee replacement surgeries are minimally invasive, with numerous benefits to the patient, including smaller incisions, less tissue trauma, bleeding and post–operative pain, shorter hospital stays, faster recovery, and earlier return to work and activities — in weeks rather than months. Advantages of Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement Surgery. Patients Start walking in few hours of surgery. Patients start climbing the staircase from second day of his surgery. Patients Discharge with in 3 Days from the Hospital after surgery. No blood loss during the surgery, no blood Transfusion required. Less Physiotherapy.( No Physiotherapist required for home) Less Antibiotic. Stitchless Surgery. Recovery time is just two – three week.

    Bilateral knee replacement in the same sitting, can be performed if both the knee joints are damaged to the same extent, however, the medical condition of the patient, and bone quality must be kept in consideration.

    Surgery through Minimally Invasive technique patients start walking on the same day and staircase climbing starts from the second day of surgery. Patients can resume his work after 3 – 4 week.

    The most significant risks include Infection, Deep vein thrombosis,and Aseptic loosening of implants. The risks correlate with the co-morbid medical condition, and must be discussed with the patient before surgery.

    Patients normally require hospitalization for 3-4 days in single knee replacement, and up to 5-6 days in both knee replacement surgery

    A single knee replacement takes approximately 90 min- 2 hours. Both knee replacement surgery takes approx 2-3 hours.

    Years ago, knee replacement surgery was reserved for elderly patients due to a high complication rate and lack of implant durability. Modern techniques have allowed orthopaedic surgeons to base surgical decisions on a patient’s pain and disability, and not necessarily chronological age. Most patients who undergo knee replacement are between the ages of 50 and 80, but surgeons evaluate patients individually and primarily on their physiologic age and demands.

    Patients can resume his/her light work after discharge from the hospital, no need for rest.

    Patients are given epidural anesthesia for surgery, and post op pain relief. They are expected to follow instruction from physiotherapist regarding muscle training.

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