Arthroscopic Meniscus repair - Understanding the Meniscus

The meniscus is a wedge-shaped cartilage structure located between the thighbone (femur) and the shinbone (tibia) within the knee joint. It serves as a cushion, shock absorber, and stabilizer, distributing weight evenly across the joint and enhancing its stability and smooth movement. In this blog we will understand about what is Mencius tear and how can it be repair through Arthosocpy ? 

What is Meniscus Repair?

Meniscus tear surgery is a surgical procedure aimed at repairing tears in the meniscus. These tears can occur due to traumatic injuries, such as sudden twisting or pivoting motions, or degenerative changes associated with aging or repetitive stress on the knee joint. Meniscus repair surgery aims to preserve the meniscus tissue whenever possible, promoting healing and restoring normal knee function.

Why Is Meniscus Repair Surgery Needed?

  • Meniscus tears often result from sports injuries, traumatic accidents, or degenerative changes linked to aging.
  • Torn meniscus can lead to symptoms such as pain, swelling, stiffness, and restricted knee motion.
  • If left untreated, meniscus tears can escalate to more severe issues like cartilage wear, osteoarthritis, and functional impairment in the knee joint.
Why Is Meniscus Repair Surgery Needed
  • Surgery for tear in meniscus becomes necessary when conservative treatments like rest, ice, physical therapy, and medications prove ineffective in relieving symptoms.
  • Surgical intervention is also recommended for large or unstable tears that have the potential to cause further damage to the knee joint if left unaddressed.

Procedure Of Arthroscopic Meniscus Repair:

  • Arthroscopic meniscus repair is typically performed on an outpatient basis under general or regional anesthesia.
  • The surgeon makes small incisions around the knee and inserts the arthroscope to visualize the inside of the joint.
  • Specialized instruments are then used to trim, suture, or reattach the torn edges of the meniscus.
  • The procedure may involve different techniques depending on the type, location, and severity of the tear.
  • Once the repair is completed, the incisions are closed, and the knee is bandaged.

Benefits of Arthroscopic Meniscus Repair:

  • Minimally InvasiveArthroscopic meniscus repair involves smaller incisions, resulting in less tissue damage, reduced pain, and faster recovery compared to open surgery.
  • Preservation of Meniscus: By repairing the torn meniscus, the surgery aims to preserve its function and integrity, thus helping to maintain knee stability and prevent long-term complications.
  • Faster Recovery: Patients undergoing arthroscopic meniscus repair typically experience quicker recovery times and return to normal activities sooner than those undergoing open surgery.
  • Reduced Risk of Osteoarthritis: Repairing the meniscus can help reduce the risk of developing osteoarthritis in the knee by restoring its biomechanical properties and preventing further damage to the joint.

Arthroscopic meniscus repair is a valuable treatment option for individuals with meniscus tears, offering numerous benefits over traditional open surgery.

Dr. Bakul Arora at Arora Clinic in Thane provides expert orthopedic care. With a focus on knee replacement and robotic knee surgery, Dr. Bakul Arora ensures top-notch treatment for all joint pain concerns.